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Goa Velha





India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
 
Goa Velha was founded in the 15th century as a port for the Vijayanagar and Bahamni kings. Old Goa was the second capital of Bijapur under the rule of Adil Shah. The city was surrounded by a moat and contained the Shah's palace, and his mosques and temples. The city of Goa in south western India was under Portuguese rule from 1510 and became the capital of Portuguese India until its incorporation in the Republic of India in 1961.
 
At its peak it was as large as London or Paris. Malaria and cholera epidemics ravaged the city in the 17th century and it was largely abandoned only having a remaining population of 1,500 inhabitants in 1775. In 1835 after religious suppression the city was virtually deserted. The population was roughly 200,000 inhabitants by 1543. It was the administrative seat of Portuguese India until 1843, although the Viceroy's residence was transferred in 1759 to the future capital, Panaji.

Goa Velha experiences a boom with day tourists, owing to the clear air, town character with rich culture, high quality of life and conspicuously original history. The picturesque scenery, the majesty of nature, the slow pace of life, and the welcoming nature of its people also combine to make this region one of the most important tourist attractions in India.

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