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Mysore





India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
 
Mysore or Maisuru in Kannada is the second largest city in the Indian state of Karnataka. Mysore is the administrative seat of Mysore District, and Mysore Division. The population of the city was 7.87 lakhs, according to the census, last conducted in 2001. Mysore is and has been the capital of the Wodeyars. The city is known for its palaces and proximity to several other places of interest like Srirangapatna, Sivasamudram Falls, and Krishna Raja Sagara Dam. The city is spread across an area of 128 square kilometres.
 
According to Hindu mythology, the area around Mysore city was once the domain of the demon king Mahishasura, who grew almost invincible and wreaked havoc on the world. The Goddess Chamundeshwari, vanquished the demon after an intense ten day struggle. The Goddess is therefore also known by the name Mahishasura Mardhini. The battle and the victory are commemorated by the annual nine-day Navaratri festival to this day.
 
The history of Mysore is closely linked to the history of the Kingdom of Mysore. From 1499 the name Mahisuru has been recorded in inscriptions. During the rule of the Vijayanagar Empire, the Mysore kingdom served as a feudatory, gaining sovereignty after the empire fell in 1565 CE, Christan Era. Till the year 1610, when Srirangapatna was acquired, Mysore was the center of Wodeyar administration. It became the capital of the Kingdom of Mysore after the death of Tippu Sultan at the end of the Anglo-Mysore Wars in 1799.
 
Mysore lies in the tropics, with summer temperatures ranging from 21 to 34 degrees Celsius, while winter sees the temperatures dropping down to from 12 to 30 degrees Celsius. Dasara is the Nadahabba of Karnataka. Mysore is well known for the festivities that take place during this period. Also termed as Navaratri, it is a ten day festival usually held during the months of September and October.
 
Mysore is definitely one of the popular tourist attractions in India worth paying a visit while touring the country. This place leaves a pleasing and unforgettable memory and justifies the proud cultural tradition of India.

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