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Chengalpattu





India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
 
Chingleput or Chengalpattu is a city and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is located on the Palar River about 56 km south-southwest of the city of Chennai. Chingleput is an important railway junction and commercial center. It has a medical school and other colleges affiliated with the University of Madras.
 
It has an average elevation of 36 meters. Chengalpattu is a railway junction on the North South Corridor connecting Chennai on the North East, Kanchipuram on the West, to other parts of the country down South to Kanyakumari. The Chennai airport is just 28 kilometers drive from the town.
 
Chingleput was formerly a capital of the kings of Vijayanagara, after their defeat by the Muslim Deccan sultanates at Battle of Talikota in 1565. In 1639 a local governor. In the past Chingleput was established as a district of the Madras presidency in 1765. The administrative headquarters were at Saidapet. The area of the district was 3079 square kilometers and the population was 1,312,122 in 1901. In 1999, the district was split into the districts of Kanchipuram and Thiruvallur.
 
As of 2001 India census India, Chengalpattu had a population of 62,631. Males constitute 50 percent of the population and females 50 percent. Chengalpattu has an average literacy rate of 81 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent; with male literacy of 84 percent and female literacy of 77 percent. 9 percent of the population is under 6 years of age.
 
Today Chengalpattu has developed as a touristic spot for many foreign travellers on their way to Mamallapuram and Kanchipuram. The boat house established by Tamilnadu Tourism Development Corporation, TTDC in the Kolavai Lake which is situated alongside of the NH 45 highway has now turned it into a place where people can relax. The monsoon rains flooded the gates of the lake in December 2005 due to which the TTDC boat club operation has been stopped.

It can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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