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Panchkula





India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
 
Panchkula is a city in Panchkula District, Haryana, India. It is a satellite city of the Union Territory of Chandigarh. It comprises of two sub divisions and two Tehsils named Panchkula and Kalka. It has 264 villages out of which 12 villages are un-inhabited and 10 villages wholly merged in towns or treated as census towns according to census 2001. The Chandimandir Cantonment is located near Panchkula city. There are four towns in the district named Panchkula, Pinjore, Kalka and Raipur Rani. The estimated population of Panchkula city, in 2006, is 2,00,000. Panchkula and Mohali in Punjab are two satellite cities of Chandigarh. These three cities are collectively known as Chandigarh Tricity.
 
The origin of the name Panchkula is based on the 5 irrigation canals  or kuls as they called, making it Panch Kul of 5 canals that take water from the Ghaggar in the uphill section and distribute it from Nada to Mansa Devi. The Nada canal has now been eroded by the river and most of the kul's pass through the cantonement of Chandimandir towards Mansa Devi. The canals are a beautiful example of community property and are maintained by the villagers along the way, with distribution days decided.
 
Places of tourist interest Morni Hills are the offshoots of Shivalik range of the Himalayas, which run in two parallel ranges. The village of Morni lies on the mountainside, at 1220 meters above mean sea level. Traditions assign the name of Morni to a Queen is believed to have ruled this area. Pinjore is famous for the beautiful Mughal Gardens, known as the Yadavindra Gardens. It is perhaps the loveliest and the oldest in northern India. It is said to have been made by Fidaikhan in the 17th century. The Haryana tourism department has devloped the whole complex. Pinjore is also an historical place.
 
Panchkula is said the place of best geographical environment and can trace its origins back to prehistoric times. It enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers.

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