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Darbhanga





India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
 
Darbhanga is a city and a municipal corporation in and headquarters of Darbhanga district and Darbhanga Division in the state of Bihar, India. It gets its name from Dwar Banga or the Gate to Bengal. It has an average elevation of 39 metres.
 
Once part of the Brahman kingdom of Mithila, Darbhanga passed to the Mughals in the 14th cent. The British assumed control in 1765. Darbhanga has a mixed Hindu and Muslim population. It is a noteworthy seat of the old Maharaja of Darbhanga, also the heart of the Maithil Culture. Darbhanga was an ancient city of Mithila, which is an ancient cultural region of North India lying between the lower ranges of the Himalayas and the Ganges River. The Nepal border cuts across the top fringe of this region.
 
The Gandak and Kosi Rivers are rough western and eastern boundaries of Mithila.In the thirteenth century Mithila was invaded by Afghans, who deposed the Kshatriya ruler and placed a Maithil Brahman in control of land revenues over much of this region. This family soon began calling themselves kings, distributing land to other members of their caste, so that gradually land passed into the control of Maithil Brahmans.
 
As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Darbhanga had a population of 266,834. Males constitute 53 percent of the population and females 47 percent. Darbhanga has an average literacy rate of 64 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent male literacy is 72 percent and, female literacy is 56 percent. In Darbhanga, 15 percent of the population is under 6 years of age.

It can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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