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Tokyo (23 special wards)





Japan is an island country in East Asia. It is located in the Pacific Ocean it lies to the east of China, Korea, and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Its capital and largest city is Tokyo. It has the world's 10th largest population. It is world's largest international creditor and is the sixth largest exporter and importer and is a member of the United Nations. And it is a leading nation in the fields of scientific research, technology, machinery, and medical research with the world's third largest budget for research and development.
 
The twenty-three special wards of Tokyo, Japan, divide the central and most crowded part of Tokyo into self-governing municipalities. This type of administrative division is unique to Tokyo. Though their formal name is, they are commonly known in Japan as, twenty-three wards. They are special because although they are autonomous with each having a local government, they must at the same time function seamlessly together as one large urban entity in central Tokyo. To this end, certain public services are handled by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government instead of the individual ward. They include the water supply system, sewage disposal, and fire services.
 
Since the 1970s, the special wards of Tokyo have exercised a considerably higher degree of autonomy than the wards in other cities, making them more like independent cities than districts.  The wards vary greatly in area from 10 to 60 square kilometers and population from less than 40,000 to 830,000. 
 
The total population of the twenty-three special wards was 8,483,140 as of October 1, 2005, about two-thirds of the population of Tokyo and a quarter of the population of the Greater Tokyo Area. The twenty-three wards have a population density of 13,800 per square kilometer.

Japan is a popular travel destination for visitors and globe trotters from all over the world who appreciate its beautiful landscapes, rich culture, various local cuisine, hospitality and safety.

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