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Salem





India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
 
Salem is a city and a municipal corporation in Salem district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the fourth largest city of Tamil Nadu located in the central part of the southern most state of India. Almost completely surrounded by hills, Salem is one of the major textile centres in the country.
 
Salem is also the headquarters of Salem District. Salem is at the base of the renowned tourist destination of Yercaud hills, which offers breathtaking views both during the ride up the hill and from the peak. There are also remote sites of beauty such as Kiliyur Falls. The city of Salem is surrounded by several ranges of hills, including the Shevaroys and Yercaud hills.
 
As of 2001 India census, Salem had a population of 693,236 inhabitants. The males constitute 51 percent of the population and females 49 percent. Salem has an average literacy rate of 71 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent, male literacy is 76 percent, and female literacy is 65 percent. In Salem, 10 percent of the population is under 6 years of age. It stands in fifth place in the state of Tamil Nadu in terms of the population.

Salem experiences a boom with day tourists, owing to the clear air, town character with rich culture, high quality of life and conspicuously original history. The picturesque scenery, the majesty of nature, the slow pace of life, and the welcoming nature of its people also combine to make this region one of the most important tourist attractions in India.

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