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Sirohi





India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
 
Sirohi' is a city in southern Rajasthan state in western India. It is the administrative headquarters of Sirohi District, and was formerly the capital of the princely state of the same name. It has an average elevation of 321 meters.
 
The state of Sirohi was founded by the Deoras, a branch of the Chauhan clan of Rajputs. Rao Deoraj, founder of the dynasty, claimed descent from Prithviraj III, the last Hindu ruler of Delhi. In 1405, Rao Sobhaji founded the town of Shivpuri on the western slope of Siranwa Hill. Shivpuri today lies in ruins. In 1425, his son and successor, Sehastramal, founded a fortress on the eastern slope of the same hill, which became his capital and grew into the present-day town of Sirohi.
 
During the early years of the 19th century, Sirohi suffered much from wars with Jodhpur and the Mina hill tribes of the area. The protection of the British was sought in 1817; the pretensions of Jodhpur to suzerainty over Sirohi were disallowed, and in 1823 a treaty was concluded with the British government. Sirohi became a self-governing princely state within British India, and part of the Rajputana Agency.
 
The area of the state was 5087 square kilometers and its population in 1901 was 154,544. The population of the town of Sirohi that year was 5651. These figures represented a decrease of 17 percent from the figures that obtained in the previous census of 1891; this was presumably the result of the famine that stalked the land for much of that decade.
 
As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Sirohi had a population of 35,531. Males constitute 53 percent of the population and females 47 percent. Sirohi has an average literacy rate of 66 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent male literacy is 76 percent and female literacy is 54 percent. In Sirohi, 14 percent of the population is under 6 years of age.

It can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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