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Thrissur





India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
 
Thrissur is a city situated in the center of Kerala state, India.It is the head quarters of Thrissur District. Thrissur is the fourth largest city in Kerala after Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi and Kozhikode. The city has a population of around 3.2 lakhs. It is an important cultural centre, and is known as the cultural capital of Kerala. It is famous for the Thrissur Pooram festival, the most colourful and spectacular temple festival of Kerala. It has a large number of well-known temples, the Thiruvambady temple, the Vadakkumnatha temple and the Paramekkavu temple, and two churches of note, the Our Lady of Lourdes Metropolitan Cathedral and the Our Lady of Dolour's New Church Basilica the biggest in South Asia. The Kerala Police Academy Second largest in India is situated in this city.
 
The name Thrissur is derived from 'Thiru-Shiva-Perur', which literally translates to the city of the sacred siva. Thrissur was also known as Vrishabhadripuram and Then Kailasam in ancient days. Thrissur has been a centre of learning and, with the decline of Buddism and Jainism and the establishment of the supremacy of Brahminism during the revival of Hinduism, Thrissur became an important centre of Sanskrit learning. It is believed that the great Hindu Saint, Adi Sankara, was born in answer to the prayer made by Arayambal and Sivaguru at Vadakkunathan temple. Sankara's disciples Hastamalaka, Thotaka, Padmapada and Sudhachara established four Madoms in the city, namely the Northern Madom, the Middle Madom, the ln-Between Madom and the Southern Madom respectively.

Thrissur was for a brief period, the capital of the Kochi kingdom. The Shaktan Thampuran palace, which was the abode of the Cochin king, Shaktan Thampuran, was recently renovated by the ASI, Archeological Survey of India. The Cultural capital of Kerala, Thrissur, gained prominence under the reign of Raja Rama Varma in 1790. It was Sakthan Thampuran to whom the modern Thrissur is ever indebted, because it was he who rebuilt Thrissur from the destruction caused by the attacks of Tipu Sultan's army.

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