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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Arcot is one of the famous cities in India. Arcot is a city and a municipality in Vellore district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The city straddles a highly strategic trade route between Chennai and Bangalore, between the Mysore Ghat and the Javadi Hills. Its population in 1991 was 45,205, the surrounding area had a population of 114,760. It has an average elevation of 164 metres.
The town's strategic location has led to it being repeatedly contested and prompted the construction of a formidable fortress. It was captured from the Hindu Marathas by a Muslim Nawab of Karnataka, who made it his capital in 1712. In 1751, Robert Clive captured the town during the conflict between the United Kingdom and France for control of South India.
Arcot is the principal market for the surrounding agricultural area. It also has a viable local weaving industry. The Arcot region was one of the quickest areas in Tamil Nadu to develop perhaps in part due to the influence of Danish missionaries. The church was renamed the Arcot Lutheran Church and is still known by that name.
Arcot has the tomb of famous 18th century Sufi Saint Tipu Mastan Aulia. The story goes that from the blessings of Tipu Mastan Aulia, Hyder Ali had a son, whom he appropriately named after the saint. In the 20th century, Arcot declined in importance and was incorporated into the district of Vellore. The people who lived in the Arcot region especially in and near the temple town of Tiruvannamalai, belonged to a clan called the Arcots.
As it is often regarded as among the most beautiful parts of India one of the most visited places amongst the most die-hard travelers the world over.

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