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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Ayodhya is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. Under the British Raj the city and the administrative area around it was called Oudh. It is on the right bank of the river Sarayu, 555 kilometers east of New Delhi. The word ayodhya is Sanskrit for not to be warred against. Some Puranas like the Brahmanda Purana consider Ayodhya as one of the six holiest cities. Ayodhya had a population of 49,593.
Ayodhya was one of the most ancient, largest and most magnificent of Indian cities. It is said to have covered an area of 250 square kilometers, and was the capital of the Hindu kingdom of Kosala, the court of the great king Dasaratha, the 56th monarch of the solar line in descent from Raja Manu. The opening chapters of the Ramayana, a religious epic of the Classical Hindu period, recount the magnificence of the city, the glories of the monarch and the virtues, wealth and loyalty of his people. Dasaratha was the father of Rama Chandra, the Seventh Avatar of the Vishnu. Many Hindus believe the birthplace of Rama to be in Ayodhya at the place called Ram Janmabhoomi, the site of the demolished Babri Mosque.
Ayodhya is also the birth place of five Tirthankars, including the first Tirthankar of Jainism, Shri Rishabh Dev. He is known as the father of Jain religion. The city is also important in the history and heritage of Buddhism in India, with several Buddhist temples, monuments and centers of learning having been established here during the age of the Mauryan Empire and the Gupta Dynasty.
Ayodhya reached its glorious peak as known to history during the reign of the Guptas over India. Ayodhya is also the centre of the Ayodhya Debate concerning the Ram Janmabhoomi temple and the Babri Mosque. The mosque was destroyed in 1992 by Kar Sevaks and rioters due to the belief that the Ram Janmabhoomi existed prior to the mosque's construction and that the temple was the birthplace of Rama.

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