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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Banswara is a city in Banswara District in south Rajasthan in India. Banswara princely state was founded by Maharawal Jagmal Singh. It gets the name from dominance of bans or bamboo forests. It is also known as city of hundred islands, due to presence of numerous islands in the Mahi River, which flows. It has an average elevation of 302 metres.
Banswara, was a Rajput feudatory state in Rajputana during British India. It borders on Gujarat and is bounded on the N. by the native states of Dungarpur and Udaipur or Mewar, on the north east and east by Partabgarh, on the south by the dominions of Holkar and the state of Jabua; and on the west by the state of Rewa Kantha. Banswara state is about 45 meters in length from north to south, and 33 meters in breadth from east to west, and has an area of 1946 square meters. The population in 1901 was 165,350. The Mahi is the only river in the state and great scarcity of water occurs in the dry season.
The Banswara chief belongs to the family of Udaipur. During the vigour of the Delhi empire Banswara formed one of its dependencies; on its decline the state passed under the Mahrattas. Wearied out by their oppressions, its chief in 1812 petitioned for English protection, on the condition of his state becoming tributary on the expulsion of the Mahrattas. The treaty of 1818 gave effect to this arrangement, Britain guaranteeing the prince against external enemies and refractory chiefs; he, on his part, pledging himself to be guided by her representative in the administration of his state. The chief is assisted in the administration by a hamdar or minister.
The chief town was Banswara, situated about 8 meters west of the Mahi River, surrounded by an old disused rampart and adorned by various Hindu temples, with the battlements of the chief's palace overlooking it. Its population in 1901 was 7038. The petty state of Kushalgarh is feudatory to Banswara.

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