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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Kumbakonam is a city and a municipality in Thanjavur District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Kumbakonam is sometimes called temple town because of the large number of temples within the town and the nearby areas. The festival of Mahamaham is celebrated every 12 years at the Mahamaham tank in Kumbakonam. The town is known for its temples, intricately carved panchaloha idols, exquisite brass wares especially lamps, silk and betel leaves. Kumbakonam is the headquarters of Kumbakonam Taluka. As of 2001 India census India, Kumbakonam had a population of 140,021.
According to legend, Kumbakonam is the location where the kumbha in which Brahma placed the seed of creation during the great deluge came to rest. Kumbakonam is thus said to be the location from which life in the current cycle of creation first came forth. Town also has another tamil nick name Kudanthai. Pazhaiyaarai, near Kumbakonam was once the capital of the Cholas in the 9th century.
Kumbakonam is primarily a market city for surrounding agricultural villages. The town is surrounded by small villages of great historical importance. The agricultural region around the town is famous for its betelnuts and betel leaves. In the pre-independence era, it was a market town where people from all over the Cauvery delta region came and sold their goods. The town is also native to many goldsmiths and ornament makers.
Kumbeswara Temple is an important Saivite temple situated at the central part of the town. This is the temple of the presiding Deity of Kumbakonam. Shri Adhi Kumbeswara is the god and Manthrapeeteswari Mangalambika is the lord's Consort.
There are two major temples at Thirunageswaram. One the famous Vaishnavaite temple of Oppliyappan, the other the ThiruNageswarar or NagaNathaswami temple for Shaivaites.  The area surrounding Kumbakonam is home to a set of Navagraha temples dating from the Chola period.

Kumbakonam is said the place of best geographical environment and can trace its origins back to prehistoric times. It enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers.

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