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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Murshidabad is a city in West Bengal, India as well as a district in the state. The city of Murshidabad is located on the southern bank of the Bhagirathi, a tributary of the Ganges River. As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Murshidabad had a population of 36,894. It has an average elevation of 12 meters.
The town of Murshidabad is on the left bank of the Bhagirathi or old sacred channel of the Ganges. The city of Murshidabad was the latest Mahommedan capital of Bengal. In 1704 the nawab Murshid Kulia Khan changed the seat of government from Dacca to Maksudabad, which he called after his own name. The great family of Jagat Seth maintained their position as state bankers at Murshidabad from generation to generation.
In 1704, Murshid Quli Khan, the Diwan of Bengal under Aurangzeb transferred the capital from Dacca, and renamed the city Murshidabad. In 1716, he attained the title of Nawab of the Subah of Bengal, and Murshidabad became his capital. It continued to be the capital under a succession of Nawabs, and also under the British until 1790. It was constituted as a municipality in 1869, which remains to the present day. The city today is a center for agriculture, handicrafts and sericulture. The famous Murshidabad Silk, much in demand for making saris and scarves, is produced here.
Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and gain enthusiasm in its natural beauty and populace. Murshidabad enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers.

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