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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Ludhiana is the largest city in Punjab, with an estimated population of 3.5 million. It is located in Ludhiana District on the banks of the Sutlej River. Ludhiana is centrally located on the Grand Trunk Road from Delhi to Amritsar, and is well-connected to the Indian capital city of New Delhi by air, road, and frequent train service. An international airport is being planned. It is a major industrial and educational center of northern India, and is the crossroads of many different cultures.
The Actual existance of this city must date back to the time of Sanghol Civilization and of King Porus who had fought a battle against the concquerer Alexander the Great. Although he had lost the battle but due to his bravery demostration he had been awarded back his kingdom and Alexander had made up his mind to return back to his roots in Greece. As it litterly seems the location of the battle place outside his kingdom at the river banks of Sutlej river which proves to be the present city called Ludhiana. At present we say Ludhiana gets its name from the Lodhi Dynasty, which is believed to have founded the city in the year 1480. The legend goes that two Lodhi Chief Yusaf Khan and Nihand Khan were deputed by Sikandar Lodhi to restore order in this region.
Ludhiana is known as the Manchester of India because it is the industrial hub of Punjab. There are 8 large integrated knitwear factories, roughly 6,000 small to medium sized knitwear factories, 10 big hosiery yarn mills and 150 small- to medium-sized worsted and woollen yarns. There are also firms manufacturing bicycles and motorcycle parts, machine tools, sewing machines, generators, diesel engines, tires & tubes, and other consumer goods.

Ludhiana has several tourist attractions, such as Tiger Safari, the Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum, the Rural Museum at PAU, The Rose Garden, Hardy World, Water Park and Dream Land. There are many good Hotels and Restaurants. There are also a large number of places to eat out, highlighting Ludhianis' passion for good food.

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