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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Margao is also called Madgaon, Margaon and Margao. It is Goa's second largest but busiest town, the commercial capital of the state, and the administrative headquarters of South Goa District and of the Salcete Taluka.
The name may be pronounced as Modgow in Konkani, the local language. Margao is the Portuguese form, and the form Margaon is also common. It is derived from Mathagram which means a place with a matha.
Nestled on the banks of the River Sal, Margao is amongst the oldest recorded towns in Goa. Margao is famous for the huge Portuguese style mansions which dot its landscape. It is also one of the fastest growing cities in Goa and includes several suburbs including Aquem, Borda and Fatorda.
The Margao Railway station is Goa's biggest and most important as it is a railway junction positioned at the intersection of the Konkan Railway and the South Western Railway. All trains passing through Goa stop here, and it is the gateway to south Goa. Hence Margão is used more commonly as a transit stop rather than as a tourist destination, by many people who either head off down south to Palolem or to Benaulim and Colva which are about six kilometers away.
The city has many sights and destinations. These include the closed market called, in the Portuguese language, Mercado de Afonso de Albuquerque or in Konkani as Pimplapedd or Pimpalakatta, the municipal building, the muncipal garden, Anna Fonte, Old Market or Mercado Velho, Holy Spirit Church, grand colonial mansions, the view and chapel at Monte Hill, the Hindu crematorium and the Muslim burial ground both situated on Pajifond's Rua das Saudades.

Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and gain enthusiasm in its natural beauty and populace. Margao enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers.

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