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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Nagapattinam is a coastal city and a municipality in Nagapattinam District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the administrative headquarters of Nagapattinam District. Other names of the town are Naganadu, Cholakula Vallippatinam and Shiva Rajadhani. Ptolemy calls Nagapattinam as Nikam and mentions it as one of the most important trade centres of ancient Tamil Nadu. Nagapattinam was a Buddhist centre from 8th century CE, Christ Era. In 11th century CE, Chudamani Vihara, a Buddhist vihara was built by Javanese king Sri Vijaya Soolamanivarman with the patronage of Raja Raja Chola. Buddhism flourished until 15th century CE and the buildings of the vihara survived until 18th century. Nagapattinam was one of the regions severely affected by the tsunami which followed the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
Nagapattinam is well connected to the nearby cities like Tiruchirappalli, Tanjavur, Thiruvarur and Nagore by road and rail. The nearest airport is at Tiruchirappalli 147 kilometers. Extensive network of roads and rails connect it to Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Pondicherry and Thanjavur.
As of 2001 India census India, Nagapattinam had a population of 92,525. The major languages spoken in the Nagapattinam District are Tamil and Telugu. The vast majority of the population are Hindu by religion, with a Muslim minority of about 8 percent and much smaller groups of Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs and Jains. The main occupation in the town of Nagapattinam is fishing.  Agricultue is the most important occupation in the inner parts of the dstrict. It is practiced in the villages surrounding the town. It has vast farmlands where rice is cultivated. These farmlands are irrigateg through an extensive network of canals from the distributaries of the river Cauvery. The produce is transported through rail to other parts of the country.
It can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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