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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Palanpur is a city and a municipality in Banaskantha district in the Indian state of Gujarat. Palanpur is the administrative center of that district. The town is well-connected by road and rail, the nearest airport is at Ahmedabad, about 135 kilometers away. As of 2001 India census  India, Palanpur had a population of 110,383.
Legend has it that Palanpur was first settled by a certain Prahladan, belonging to the Paramara clan of rajputs, who received the surrounding area as appanage from his elder brother who ruled from what is now Mount Abu. Palanpur town later became the seat of the eponymous princely state in British India.
The town was once heavily fortified with seven gates providing the only means of thoroughfare; these are now in ruins. Much more recent vintage are the other monuments that dot the town the 'Keertistumbh' or victory tower was erected in the 1930's, as were the Zorawar palace and the Balaram palace. The well-known temple of Balaram Mahadev is situated about 20 km from Palanpur. The Jessore sloth-bear sanctuary, a reserve forest sprawling over 180 square kilometers and home to several endangered species such as the Indian sloth-bear, leopard, wild boar and porcupine, lies about 45 kilometers from the town.
Palanpur was the seat of a princely state ruled by the Lohani clan of Afghans. While the earlier history of the family is obscure, the family has apparently lived in India since at least the 16th century, a forbear of the family is reputed to have wed the foster-sister of the mughal emperor Akbar and received Palanpur and surrounding areas as dowry. However, the family comes into historical prominence during the period of instability that followed the demise of Aurangzeb in the early 18th century. It was overrun soon afterwards by the Marathas.
It can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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