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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Chennai is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is India's fourth largest metropolitan city. It is located on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal. With an estimated population of 6.91 million 2006, the 368-year-old city is the 39th largest metropolitan area in the world. Chennai is a large commercial and industrial centre, and is known for its cultural heritage and temple architecture. It is also a hub for south Indian classical music and dance performances. Chennai is considered the automobile capital of India. Chennai is also one of the rare cities to accommodate a national park, the Guindy National Park, within its city limits.
It is located on a flat coastal plain known as the Eastern Coastal Plains. Chennai city is governed by the Corporation of Chennai, which consists of a Mayor and 155 Councillors representing the 155 wards.
The population density in the city is 24,418 square kilometers while the overall population density is 5,847 square kilometers. The sex ratio is 948 females for every 1000 males, slightly higher than the national average of 934. The average literacy rate is 80.14 percent, much higher than the national average of 59.5 percent. 18 percent of the city's population is classified as living in slum conditions. Chennai also has a growing expatriate population who work in the industries and IT, information technology centres.
The region around Chennai has served as an important administrative, military, and economic centre dating back to the 1st century. It has been ruled by South Indian kingdoms, notably the Pallava, the Chola, the Pandya, and Vijaynagar empires. The town of Mylapore, now part of the metropolis, was once a major port of the Pallava kingdom.
From 1965 to 1967, Chennai was an important base for the Tamil agitation against the imposition of Hindi.

It can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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