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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Coonoor is a city and a municipality in the Nilgiris district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is a small quiet hill town in the Nilgiri hills in southern India. It has a reputation for being a reality-defying idyllic Shangri-La of sorts. However, the growing networked economy and the rampant influx of tourists to the region in the past few decades have eroded this image of Coonoor to some degree.
As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Coonoor had a population of 50,079. Males constitute 49 percent of the population and females 51 percent. Coonoor has an average literacy rate of 82 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent male literacy is 86 percent and, female literacy is 78 percent. In Coonoor, 9 percent of the population is under 6 years of age.
Coonoor's economy relies primarily on the seasonal tourist traffic during the summer months, and on the tea industry year round. The town is the second largest in the Nilgiri hills after Ooty, the district head quarters. The local populace almost entirely depends on the tea trade. Floriculture and strawberry cultivation are taking root of late. The massive private tea plantations that surround the hills produce fresh green tea leaves which are picked, processed and packaged in bulk in local factories, for sale at auction houses in Coonoor, Coimbatore and Cochin.
The hills are among the more scenic spots in Tamil Nadu, and consequently attract enormous amounts of tourists during the hot Indian summer months. The town’s infrastructure often finds itself unable to handle the tourist inflow, and life turns especially chaotic when the local horticultural society holds it’s annual Fruit Show at the peak of the tourist season, hosted at Sim's Park.

It can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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