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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Dehra Doon is the capital city of the state Uttaranchal in India, and the headquarters of Dehradun District. It is located in the Doon valley, 230 kilometers north of India's capital New Delhi and the Delhi metropolitan area. It is surrounded by the Himalayan mountains in the north, Shivalik Hills in the south, the river Ganga in the east, and the river Yamuna in the west. It is also located on the northern side of the fertile Gangetic plains of India Neighbouring cities and towns include Haridwar, Rishikesh, Roorkee, Mussoorie and
A popular item that has made Dehradun known across the world is Dehradooni basmati rice, which is grown in this region including some neighbouring districts like Saharanpur. It is also known for quality schools, Doon School and Welham are two residential schools of national fame located here.
The earliest tangible evidence of the history of Dehradun dates back to 300 BC Before Christ, as indicated by a rock inscription at Kalsi, discovered in 1860. This inscriptions located at the northern outskirts of the city are attributed to King Ashoka. At the site, large inscribed bricks are arranged to form the shape of a bird with a fire altar in the middle.
As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Dehradun had a population of 447,808. Males constitute 53 percent of the population and females 47 percent. Dehradun has an average literacy rate of 77 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent male literacy is 81 percent and, female literacy is 72 percent. In Dehradun, 10 percent of the population is under 6 years of age.

Dehradun has typical weather of a north Indian city: cold winters, hot summer, rainy monsoon season and a balmy spring. Dehradun has several Catholic missions with religious affiliations through establishment of high-schools. Dehradun is bustling, as it is the state capital and is also the home of many government institutes. The center of city's activities is the popular landmark known as Clock-Tower. It can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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