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Japan is an island country in East Asia. It is located in the Pacific Ocean it lies to the east of China, Korea, and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Its capital and largest city is Tokyo. It has the world's 10th largest population. It is world's largest international creditor and is the sixth largest exporter and importer and is a member of the United Nations. And it is a leading nation in the fields of scientific research, technology, machinery, and medical research with the world's third largest budget for research and development.
Fukui is a special city located in the Hokuriku region within the Chubu region of Japan, which is on Honshu island. It is the largest city and capital of Fukui Prefecture. The city is located to the north of Lake Biwa, on the coast of the Sea of Japan. As of October 1, 2006, the city has an estimated population of 271,417 and the density of 506.21 persons per square kilometers. The total area is 536.17 square kilometers, although most of the population lives in a small central area. By area the city is mostly agricultural plains and mountainous areas.
The city was incorporated under its present name on April 1, 1889, although it had been an important city in the region for at least 1000 years before that, serving as the capital of Echizen province during the Edo period from 1603-1868. Fukui-shi was devastated by Allied bombing in 1945, and again by a major earthquake in 1948. The city has regained its energy and vitality. Hence, the city's official symbol is the phoenix. The JR, the Japan Railways Hokuriku shinkansen bullet train line from Kyoto through Fukui, Kanazawa, Toyama and Nagano to Tokyo is far along in construction and will be completed in the next few years.

Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and gain enthusiasm in its natural beauty and populace. Fukui enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers. As it is often regarded as among the most beautiful parts of Japan, it is one of the most visited places amongst the most die-hard travelers the world over.

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