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Japan is an island country in East Asia. It is located in the Pacific Ocean it lies to the east of China, Korea, and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Its capital and largest city is Tokyo. It has the world's 10th largest population. It is world's largest international creditor and is the sixth largest exporter and importer and is a member of the United Nations. And it is a leading nation in the fields of scientific research, technology, machinery, and medical research with the world's third largest budget for research and development.
Gifu City is the capital city of Gifu prefecture in the Chubu region of central Japan. The name Gifu was given in the Warring States Period by Oda Nobunaga, a leading feudal lord of the 16th Century. A major industrial center during World War II, including a downtown factory that made parts for aircraft engines, Gifu was a target of heavy firebombing by the United States Air Force, culminating in the Gifu Air Raid of July 9, 1945 in which most of the city center was destroyed and 900 people were killed. The city has since greatly recovered and the area, along with much of central Japan, is a major manufacturing and industrial region once again.
Gifu City proper is generally considered a bedroom community to nearby Nagoya, which is evident in the numerous apartment complexes that are within easy reach of the downtown area. As of January, 2006, the Gifu City Tower 43, a 43-story high-rise building to be the tallest in Gifu prefecture is under construction in front of Gifu Station, the upper 30 floors of which will be subdivided into 2- and 3-bedroom apartment space. Apartments in this high rise will mainly serve the elderly retired. Medical and other targeted services will be provided out of offices and other shops in the lower floors of the building. Construction is scheduled for completion in August 2007.

The city attractions are the museums. They are namely Kato Eizo-Toichi Memorial Art Museum, Gifu City Archives Museum, Gifu City Museum of History, Gifu City Science Museum, Museum of Fine Art, Gifu and Nawa Insect Museum. Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and gain enthusiasm in its natural beauty and populace. Gifu enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers.

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