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Japan is an island country in East Asia. It is located in the Pacific Ocean it lies to the east of China, Korea, and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Its capital and largest city is Tokyo. It has the world's 10th largest population. It is world's largest international creditor and is the sixth largest exporter and importer and is a member of the United Nations.
Hachioji is a city located in Tokyo, Japan, about 40 kilometers west of the center of Tokyo. As of 2003, the city had an estimated population of 545,695 and the density of 2,928.96 persons per square kilometers. The total area is 186.31 square kilometers. The city is surrounded on three sides by mountains, forming the Hachioji Basin which opens up toward the east in the direction of Tokyo. The mountain ranges in the southwest include Mt. Takao and Mt. Jinba.
Although Hachioji only gained city status on September 1, 1917, it has been an important junction point and post-town along the Koshu Highway, the main road that connected the historical Edo with Western Japan since medieval times, especially during the Edo period. For a short period of time, a castle, Hachioji Castle existed in the area. It was built in 1584 by Hojo Ujiteru, but was soon destroyed in 1590 during General Toyotomi Hideyoshi's attempt to gain control over all of Japan.
Hachioji stretches over a vast area, combining such diverse parts as the densely populated city center and its shopping district with the hardly populated rural areas in the west. Mt. Takao is a very popular hiking destination in the southwest, easily accessible through the Keio Takao Line. It is famous for the Takao Shrine and the Shingon Buddhist temple Takao-san Yakuoin Yukiji Mt. Jinba is more difficult to reach, requiring a one-hour bus ride from the city center. It is popular, however, because of the scenic view toward Mt. Fuji. Nothing remains of the former Hachioji Castle. A rare attraction, however, is the Imperial Mausoleum in which the Taisho and Showa emperors are buried.

Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and gain enthusiasm in its natural beauty and populace. Hachioji enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers.

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