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Japan is an island country in East Asia. It is located in the Pacific Ocean it lies to the east of China, Korea, and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Its capital and largest city is Tokyo. It has the world's 10th largest population. It is world's largest international creditor and is the sixth largest exporter and importer and is a member of the United Nations. And it is a leading nation in the fields of scientific research, technology, machinery, and medical research with the world's third largest budget for research and development.
Yamagata is the capital city of Yamagata Prefecture in Japan. As of 2003, the city had an estimated population of 255,304 and a density of 669.49 persons per square kilometers and total area is 381.34 square kilometers.
The city was founded on April 1, 1889. Yamagata City is located in a wide central valley that can heat up quickly in spring and summer and is often grey and humid, while to the east in Miyagi Prefecture on the Pacific coast it is usually clearer and more temperate. The opposite is the case in winter with the valley seeing frequent snow and the Pacific coast remainig clear and fine.
In the center of town west of the train station is the extensive Kajo Koen, the grounds of the keep of feudal warlord Mogami Yoshiaki. While most of the park is athletic fields and public function buildings, the rebuilt walls, eastern main gate, and surrounding moat of the former castle are impressive. The park is filled with cherry blossoms and people in season. It contains a small public museum with nice displays of natural and social history.
The famed temple of Yamadera lies within the city limits, 15 minutes by train from the center. The hanagasa festival, one of Tohoku's major summer festivals, is held in the city every August. Yamagata also hosts the bi-annual Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival.
The city is also the home of the Kojirakawa Campus and Iida Campus of Yamagata University. The Kojirakawa Campus houses the Faculty of Literature and Social Science, the Faculty of Science and the Faculty of Education, Art and Science.

Yamagata is said the place of best geographical environment and can trace its origins back to prehistoric times. It enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers.

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