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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Patiala is a city in the Punjab state of India. Patiala district is one of the famous princely cities of erstwhile Punjab. It is the administrative headquarters of Patiala District, and was the capital of the premier princely state in the former Punjab Province of British India. As of 2001 India census India, Patiala had a population of 302,870.
The early history of the founders of Patiala state is more myth and mystery than reality, the rulers of the erstwhile states of Patiala, Nabha and Jind trace their ancestry to one Jat Chota Phul. Apparently the appellation of dynasty Phulkian is derived from their common founder.
The first printing press of Patiala called Munshi Nawal Kishore Printing Press was established in 1870s. Since then Patiala has emerged as a center for Punjabi language. Punjab State Government 'languages department' is headquartered in Patiala city near Sheranwala Gate.
Since Indian independence in 1947, Patiala has emerged as a major educational center in state of Punjab. The city houses the Punjabi University, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology. Patiala city has a number of playgrounds the biggest of whom is Polo Ground on Lower Mall Road. Polo Ground also houses an indoor stadium and open grounds.
Patiala's sway over the Malwa area extended beyond merely political influence. Patiala was equally the set of religious and cultural life. Educationally, Patiala was in the forefront. Patiala was the first town in this part of the country to have Degree Collage  the Mohindra College in 1870. The famous printing press of Munshi Nawal Kishore was also established here in the seventies of the 19th century. Patiala has had a culture of its own, evolving into a distinct patialavi culture. Patiala has also seen evolution of a distinct style of architecture. Borrowing from the Rajput style, its beauty and elegance are, however, moulded according to the local traditions.

With the active patronage of the erstwhile rules of Patiala, a well established style of Hindustani music called the Patiala Gharana came into existence and has held its own up to the present times.

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