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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Shimla the summer capital of the erstwhile British Raj in India, is a municipal corporation in Shimla district and the capital city of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Nestled in the middle Himalayas in northern India, Shimla is a hill station destination much beloved by honeymooners and other tourists, particularly in summer. The city is named for the goddess Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of Kali.
Shimla district is located in the middle western ranges of the Himalayas. This region has a hilly terrain and has an uneven cover of evergreen pine forests. The Shimla city spreads over the hill at an average altitude of 2000 meters above mean sea level. As of 2001 India census, Shimla had a population of 142,161 inhabitants. The males constitute 57 percent of the population and females 43 percent. Shimla has an average literacy rate of 84 percent, higher than the national average of 65.7 percent, male literacy is 86 percent, and female literacy is 82 percent.
Shimla experiences a boom with day tourists, owing to the clear air, town character with rich culture, high quality of life and conspicuously original history. The picturesque scenery, the majesty of nature, the slow pace of life, and the welcoming nature of its people also combine to make this region one of the most important tourist attractions in India.

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