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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Tiruchirappalli is a fourth largest city and a municipal corporation in Tiruchirappalli district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is situated on the banks of the Kaveri River, centrally located in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The city is the administrative headquarters of Tiruchirappalli District.
Tiruchirapalli is home to many historic temples, monuments, churches and mosques. Uraiyur which is the Old Tiruchy has a long tradition. With over 2500 years of known history, it was the capital of the early Cholas. The oldest man made dam Kallanai was built by Karaikala Cholan across the river Kaveri about 10 miles from Uraiyur. It was an important town in the days of the later Cholas,Nayaks as well as during the early days of the British East India Company
Trichy encompasses Srirangam, the foremost Vaishnavite temple and the biggest functioning Hindu temple in the world. Trichy also emcompasses ThiruAnaikka one of the five main abodes of Lord Shiva. ThiruvAnaikkaval is the house of Water. The name of the town, Tiruchirapalli, originated as a tribute thiru in Tamil means respected to a Jain monk called Chira are Tiruchirapalli means the town of respected Chira. It also means Thiru ShriRanganathan Palli', which means the place where Shri Ranganatha reclines. Thiru means respected, ShriRanganathan denotes Lord Ranganatha of Srirangam the famous temple town that is part of Trichy city and Palli means reclining posture of the Lord. The ShriRanganathan has got morphed and/or got shortened to chira over the passage of time.

One famous landmark in Tiruchirapalli is the Rock Fort a huge outcrop of rock. There is a Ganesha temple on top, which was also used as a military fort by the nayaks for some time. The Rock Fort is an 83 meters high rock which is the only outcrop in the otherwise flat land of the city. On top of the rock is the Ucchi Pillayar Koil, a temple dedicated to Vinayaka, from where one can enjoy a panoramic view of Tiruchirapalli. For this reason, the city is also called the Rock City.

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