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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Vellore is a city and a municipality in Vellore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is a historical town in southernmost India, is now the headquarters of Vellore district. The town lies on the banks of Palar River on the site of Vellore fort. Vellore is 140 kilometers from Chennai and it is well connected with other cities by road and railways. The nearest railway station is Katpadi and the closest Airport is in Chennai. Today, with its cosmopolitan look, Vellore stands as one of the fastest growing cities in India.
Vellore has the blend of rich heritage and culture representing the ancient Dravidian civilization. Vellore had the privilege of being the seat of the Pallavas, Cholas, Nayak, Marathas, Arcot Nawabs and Bijapur Sultan Kingdoms. It was described as the best and the strongest fortress in the Carnatic War in the 17th Century. The Vellore Mutiny of 1806 was one of the earliest upsurges against the British rule in India. Vellore District had always been on the forefront in the struggle for freedom. In fact the Sepoy Mutiny of 1806 A.D, Anno Domino. Vellore fort against the British authority is considered to be a prelude to the Great Revolt of 1857, which is often described by some historians as the The First Indian War of Independence. The monuments found in the district give a vivid picture of the town through the ages.

The outstanding performance of this district in contributing to the military service is commendable, as more and more men have enlisted themselves to the military service, to serve the national indomitable spirit and courage. One of the monuments of Vellore is the fort and its exact date of construction could not be established, in the absence of proper records. A very close examination of the stone inscriptions suggests that the fort in all probability might have been built during the rule of Chinna. Bommi Nayak. The fort is one of the most perfect specimens of Military architecture in India.

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