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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.
Visakhapatnam is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located on the eastern shore of India, nestled among the Eastern Ghats Hill Ranges and facing the Bay of Bengal to the east. The city is about 650 kilometers northeast of Hyderabad. The city is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam District. As of 2001 India census India, Visakhapatnam had a population of 14,98,900.
Alternatively, it sometimes goes by its now mostly defunct colonial British name, Waltair. During the colonial era, the city had at its hub the Waltair railway station, and that part of the city still goes by the name of Waltair. It is also popularly referred to as Vizag, a shortening of its full name. It is sometimes also referred to as the city of destiny. The city is home to several state owned heavy industries, and has one of the country's largest ports and its oldest shipyard. It has the only natural harbour on the eastern coast of India. Andhra University, a prominent seat of education in Andhra Pradesh, is located here.
Visakhapatnam is primarily an industrial city, apart from being a tourist destination. It draws tourists to its unspoilt beaches, nearby scenic Araku Valley and Borra caves, the 11th century Simhachalam temple, and ancient Buddhist sites spread across the area. The city boasts a submarine museum, the first of its kind in Southeast Asia, at Rama Krishna Beach. Visakhapatnam is also the headquarter of the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy.
From being a tiny little fishing village in the ninteenth century, Vizag has grown into an industrial hub. In the seventies and the eighties the city grew rapidly with a lot of investments in the state owned Hindustan Shipyard Limited, Vizag Steel, and other major industries. Economic liberalization in the ninties did bring a modest growth to the city but not as much as it did to the state capital Hyderabad. It has a small airport and has daily flights from Hyderabad and Mumbai. Visakhapatnam has several good schools, providing quality education. The city's growth has mostly been due to its heavy industries.

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