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India officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the most populous liberal democracy in the world. India is a union of twenty-eight states and seven federally-governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital of India.

Deoghar is headquarter of Deoghar District in the state of Jharkhand, India. Deoghar is a Hindi word and the literal meaning of Deoghar is abode of the Gods and Goddesses. The place, also known as Baidyanathdham, is a very famous Hindu pilgrimage centre. The Ravneshwar Shiva temple of Deoghar, is a Siddha Peeth and one amongst the twelve Shiva Jyothirlingams in India. The Lingam enshrined here is also known as Kamna Lingam.
Deoghar, the town, has a picturesque location. To the north of the town there is a wood called Data Jungle after a fakir; to the north-west is a low wooded hill called Nandan Pahar; and to the east about 10 miles away there is a low range of hills known as Tiur or Trikutaparvata. There are a number of small hills to the south-east, south and southwest. There are two rivulets Yamunajor and Dharua near the town. The countryside around Deoghar has an attractive set-up with undulations, water courses and small hills. The climate is dry and congenial and Deoghar is still considered a health resort in spite of the great congestion particularly due to the temple of Baidyanath and the location of the criminal and civil courts and a very large number of Government establishments.
This place is famous for the mela of sawan. Approx. 10-20 lakhs worshipers come with holy water of Ganga from sultangunj to present it to shiva, which is almost 104 kilometers from Deoghar. The human unbroken line of 104 kilometers in red dress can be seen here in this month.
As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Deoghar had a population of 98,372. Males constitute 55 percent of the population and females 45 percent. Deoghar has an average literacy rate of 76 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent male literacy is 82 percent and, female literacy is 69 percent. In Deoghar, 12 percent of the population is under 6 years of age.
It can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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